Armenia and the Armenian diaspora have produced many successful footballers, together with Youri Djorkaeff, Alain Boghossian, Andranik Eskandarian, Andranik Teymourian, Edgar Manucharyan and Nikita Simonyan. Djokaeff and Boghossian won the 1998 FIFA World Cup with France, Andranik Teymourian competed in the 2006 World Cup for Iran and Edgar Manucharyan performed within the Dutch Eredivisie for Ajax. A big range of sports are played in Armenia, the most popular among them being wrestling, weightlifting, judo, association soccer, chess, and boxing. Armenia’s mountainous terrain offers nice alternatives for the practice of sports like skiing and climbing.
The most notable political party with these views is the Armenian Revolutionary Federation. Khachatrian, Ruzanna (14 October 2004). «Opposition MP Slams Armenian Church For Backing Government». «Central results of religious training in Armenia from Ancient Times to Post-Soviet Armenia».
Cilicia was a powerful ally of the European Crusaders, and noticed itself as a bastion of Christendom within the East. Cilicia’s significance in Armenian historical past and statehood is also attested by the transfer of the seat of the Catholicos of the Armenian Apostolic Church, the religious chief of the Armenian folks, to the area.
Narbey, A Catechism of Christian Instruction According to the Doctrine of the Armenian Church, 86–87. Early medieval opponents of the Armenian Church in Armenia included the Paulicians (7th-9th centuries) and the Tondrakians (ninth-11th centuries). The Armenian Patriarchate of Constantinople in Turkey and the Armenian Apostolic Church of Iran are essential communities in the diaspora.
The Young Turk management of the Ottoman Empire eagerly took the opportunity of World War I to bodily take away the Armenian population. Destination Armenia, this page is about the landlocked nation on the crossroad between Europe and Asia. The former Soviet republic is situated in southeastern Europe/western Asia, east of Turkey, north of Iran and south of the mountainous Caucasus region (Transcaucasia). It is also bordered by Azerbaijan and Georgia. At that point, just over a yr before Armenia declared its formal independence from the USSR, the tricolour replaced the 1952 flag.
During the 1230s, the Mongol Empire conquered Zakarid Armenia after which the rest of Armenia. The Mongolian invasions were quickly adopted by these of other Central Asian tribes, such as the Kara Koyunlu, Timurid dynasty and Ağ Qoyunlu, which continued from the 13th century until the fifteenth century.
Armenian Diasporas reside in Russia, France, Iran, USA, Canada, Ukraine, and Georgia. A lot of Armenians additionally live in the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic. Most of Armenians belong to the Armenian Apostolic Church. As a republic of the USSR, the Armenian SSR launched its first flag in 1936. Very much like the flag of the Soviet Union, it was purple and featured a yellow hammer and sickle in the corner.
The National Ecclesiastical Assembly elects the Catholicos of All Armenians. Both clergy and laity are involved within the administrative construction of the Church.
The Armenian Apostolic Church has its spiritual center on the Etchmiadzin Cathedral. The head of the church is Catholicos Karekin II. Armenian people are extremely adaptable. They are able to simply regulate to new conditions such as the change of the country (going overseas), learning new languages comparatively simply and in addition, they’ve a very related pronunciation to the native audio system.
Arab Caliphates, Byzantium and Bagratid Armenia
The Orontids later ruled the impartial Kingdom of Armenia. At its zenith (ninety five–65 BCE), beneath the imperial reign of Tigran the Great, a member of the Artaxiad (Artashesian) dynasty, the Kingdom of Armenia extended from the Caucasus all the way in which to what’s now central Turkey, Lebanon, and northern Iran. The Constitution as amended in 2005 offers armenian girl for freedom of religion and the best to apply, select, or change non secular perception. The Law on Freedom of Conscience establishes the separation of church and state nevertheless it grants the Armenian Church official standing as the national church.
The First Republic of Armenia was established on 28 May 1918. After the Russian Revolution of 1917 and the takeover of the Bolsheviks, Stepan Shaumyan was positioned in control of Russian Armenia. In September 1917, the convention in Tiflis elected the Armenian National Council, the primary sovereign political physique of Armenians because the collapse of Lesser Armenia in 1375. Meanwhile, each the Ittihad (Unionist) and the Nationalists moved to win the friendship of the Bolsheviks.
These songs encourage Armenian patriotism and are typically about Armenian history and national heroes. Instruments like the duduk, dhol, zurna, and kanun are commonly found in Armenian folks music. Artists corresponding to Sayat Nova are well-known because of their influence within the development of Armenian people music. One of the oldest types of Armenian music is the Armenian chant which is the most common kind of religious music in Armenia. Many of these chants are historical in origin, extending to pre-Christian occasions, whereas others are relatively fashionable, together with several composed by Saint Mesrop Mashtots, the inventor of the Armenian alphabet.
There have been numerous lay and clergy efforts at reunion, particularly since the fall of the Soviet Union. ) located in Antelias, Lebanon, is a regional See of the Armenian Apostolic Church and is an autonomous church with jurisdiction over certain segments of the Armenian diaspora. The Mother Cathedral is probably the most recognised landmark of the Armenian Church. Built and consecrated by St. Gregory the Illuminator and St. Trdat the Great in AD 303, the Cathedral is located in the metropolis of Vagharshapat, Armenia.
During the nineteenth century, the Russian Empire conquered all of Eastern Armenia from Iran, and likewise some parts of Turkish Armenia, such as Kars. The area’s Armenian population was affected through the widespread massacres of Armenians within the Nineties. From the 16th century until 1828, all of Eastern Armenia, which incorporates the entire fashionable-day Republic of Armenia, have been part of Qajar Iran, alongside the rest of Transcaucasia and elements of the North Caucasus.